Comparative simulations of an electrochromic glazing and a roller blind as controlled by seven different algorithms

by H. Alkhatib, P. Lemarchand, B. Norton, D.T.J. O'Sullivan


The use of roller blind as a surrogate for a switchable glazing in a dynamic building environmental simulation is investigated. Seven different control algorithms were applied to simulations of both operations of the blind and of the switchable glazing. The configurations compared were an electrochromic glazing and a roller blind, the controllers used were rule-based, proportional-integral-derivative (PID), anti-windup PID (aPID) and a model predictive controller (MPC). Particular case studies were examined in the weather conditions of Dublin, Ireland to make comparisons of simulated energy savings and occupancy daylight comfort from the use of electrochromic glazing or a roller blind with those for a double-glazed window. The results suggest that previous studies that simulated electrochromic window as an integrated roller blind in a heating-dominated climate would have overestimated building energy loads, and depending on the controller used, overestimated occupancy daylight comfort.

Published In: Results in Engineering Volume 20, December 2023, 101467