P2P, CSC and TE: A Survey on Hardware, Software and Data

by Brian O'Regan, Fabio Silva, Eoin O'Leidhin, Farah Tahir, Karen Mould, Barry Hayes, Vahid Hosseinnezhad, Padraig Lyons


Peer-to-Peer (P2P), Transactive Energy (TE) and Community Self-Consumption (CSC) are exciting energy generation and use models, offering several opportunities for prosumers, micro-grids and services to the grid; however, they require numerous components to function efficiently. Various hardware devices are required to transmit data and control the generation and consumption equipment, whereas software is needed to use the gathered information to monitor and manage the hardware and energy trading. Data can be gathered from a variety of origins from within the grid and external sources; however, these data must be well-structured and consistent to be useful. This paper sets out to gather information regarding the hardware, software and data from the several archetypes available, focusing on existing projects and trials in these areas to see what the most-common hardware, software and data components are. The result presents a concise overview of the hardware, software and data-related topics and structures within the P2P, TE and CSC energy generation and use models

(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Scheduling and Trading in Microgrids and Local Energy Communities)